Ethereum Token Standards: ERC-20, ERC-721, and More

Last Updated: 30 March 2024

  • Ethereum Token standards like ERC-20, ERC-721, and ERC-721 play a crucial part in advancing blockchain technology, offering a standard system for creating and managing digital assets within an uncentralized network.
  • NFTs are a type of Token that is non-fungible. (NFTs) can be described as a kind of Token made using the ERC-721 and ERC-1155 standards that allow the creation of unique non-transferable passes for various purposes like games and collectibles.
  • The tokenization process on the Ethereum network allows the conversion of assets from the real world into digital tokens that can be traded via the blockchain, thereby increasing liquidity, transparency, and security. Intelligent contracts are vital to managing Token creation, transfer, and ownership of Ethereum. Ethereum network.

Cryptocurrencies have been taken by storm since Bitcoin emerged in 2009. Since the introduction of blockchain technologies, making and transferring assets digitally was possibletally without a central authority. Ethereum, launched in 2015, has further broadened the possibilities of applications for blockchain technology by allowing developers to design and execute smart contracts using the decentralized blockchain.

One of the main advantages unique to Ethereum is that the Ethereum network can create tokens that can be used to represent any asset, whether an actual or virtual asset or even a digital object in a game. The passes are standardized with specific protocols that specify their security, functionality, and interoperability with other tickets that are on the network.

Ethereum Token Standards

This article will examine the most popular Ethereum Token standards, which include ERC-20 and ERC-721, as well as ERC-777, ERC- and ERC-1155. We will explore the significance of these standards, their purpose, their essentiality, and how they function. We will also examine the impact of Token measures on the blockchain sector and the potential of token standardization on the Ethereum network.

Contents show

Definition of Ethereum Token Standards

Ethereum Token standards set out the guidelines and rules for creating and managing tokens within the Ethereum network. The standards guarantee that all tickets on the web are compatible and easily traded with each other, regardless of their applications or functions.

Token standards offer a standard framework to developers who want to develop and distribute tokens on the Ethereum network. They define the essential functions, events, as well as parameters that tickets need to be able to meet to conform to the standard. This allows tokens to be seamlessly integrated into exchanges, wallets, and other applications that are compatible with the standard.

Brief History of Token Standards

The first Ethereum token standard was ERC-20 which was first introduced on the 15th of November, 2015 in 2015, by Fabian Vogelsteller and Vitalik Buterin. ERC-20 rapidly became the popular Token standard in the Ethereum network, with thousands of tokens constructed around it.

The rise in popularity of tokens that are non-fungible (NFTs) resulted in the creation of two brand-new standards for tickets: ERC-721 and ERC-1155. ERC-721 is renowned because of its use for the popular game CryptoKitties which created an increase in traffic in the Ethereum network because of its popularity.

In 2018, a new version of ERC-20 called ERC-777 was launched. ERC-777 added additional features, including support for sending and receiving tokens within a single transaction, making it simpler to use by developers.

Understanding Token Standards

What Are Token Standards?

The Token Standards are the protocols that set the guidelines and rules for making and managing tokens within the Ethereum network. They ensure that all Ethereum network tickets are compatible and can be exchanged.

Token standards specify the required functions, events, and elements that tokens must meet to conform to the bar. This allows tokens to easily be integrated into exchanges, wallets, and other software that supports the measure.

Why Are Token Standards Important?

Token standards are essential as they provide a standard framework to developers to design and publish tokens that are part of the Ethereum network. It ensures that all tickets in the network are compatible and easily exchanged.

Token standards also offer protection and security for users since they can quickly check the Token’s code and know its functions before using it.

How do Token Standards Affect the Blockchain Industry?

The Token standards are significantly impacting the world of blockchain through the exchange and storage of digital currency over an uncentralized network. They have broadened the usage of blockchain technology beyond cryptocurrency by allowing developers to design tokens that can represent any asset, regardless of whether it’s a real-world item, a virtual item in a game, or even a symbol for identification.

Token standards have also helped develop decentralized finance (DeFi) through the development of decentralized lending platforms and financial apps that use tokens as base assets.

Overall, the token standard has been a critical factor in the growth of the blockchain industry by offering a standard structure for managing and creating digital assets within an uncentralized network.

Exploring ERC-20

What is ERC-20?

ERC-20 is the primary Token standard that is used on the Ethereum network, and it is also the most commonly used. It is a set of guidelines and rules for creating fungible tokens. These are tokens that are similar and interchangeable.

ERC-20 tokens can represent any asset, including digital assets, cryptos, and traditional assets like real estate or gold. They can be easily customized and used in various applications, such as fundraising and voting systems.

Exploring ERC-20

Advantages of ERC-20

One of the significant benefits that come with ERC-20 is its ease of use and easy use. It is well-documented and has a huge developer community that supports it, which makes it easy for developers to develop and distribute tokens to Ethereum. Ethereum network.

Additionally, ERC-20 tokens can be interoperable and easily connected to exchanges, wallets, and other apps supporting the standard. This makes it simple for customers to trade and manage their ERC-20 tokens on different platforms.

Limitations of ERC-20

One of the drawbacks that come with ERC-20 is that it was intended for tokens that are fungible only. This means it can’t use to make tokens that are not fungible, distinct, and unchangeable.

Another issue is that ERC-20 cannot provide certain functions, including the ability to send and receive tokens in one transaction, making it less effective for specific scenarios.

Examples of ERC-20 Tokens

A myriad of ERC-20 tokens is available on the Ethereum network, representing many different applications and assets. The most sought-after ERC-20 passes are:

  • Ethereum (Ethereum) is the native currency of Ethereum. Ethereum network.
  • USDT (Tether) A stablecoin tied based on the value of USD, which is the US dollar.
  • Link (Chainlink) is a token used to purchase services on Chainlink, a decentralized oracle network. Chainlink is the decentralized Oracle network.
  • UNI (Uniswap) is a token used to manage fees and governance in Uniswap, the decentralized platform for exchange.

Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs)

What are Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs)?

NFTs are tokens that cannot be fungible. (NFTs) can be described as digital objects that are exclusive and not exchangeable. They are typically employed to depict virtual objects in art or games; however, they can also represent real-world assets, such as properties or collectibles.

NFTs are created using specific token standards like ERC-721 or ERC-1155 that define the essential requirements and functions for creating non-fungible tokens.

The Difference Between Fungible and Non-Fungible Tokens

The primary distinction between fungible and non-fungible tokens is that fungible ones are interchangeable and the same and interchangeable. In contrast, non-fungible tokens are exclusive and can’t be exchanged for one another.

These tokens are commonly employed to signify currencies or other assets intended to be exchanged in exchange for others. Non-fungible tokens, on the other hand, are usually utilized to symbolize different assets and possess intrinsic value they have.

How NFTs Work on the Ethereum Network

NFTs are generated using sure standardization of tokens on the Ethereum network, for instance, ERC-721 and ERC-1155. These standards specify the essential roles and the variables needed for creating the management of non-fungible currency.

NFTs are stored on the Ethereum network through the smart contract, a self-executing contract that will automatically enforce the conditions of the agreement. This guarantees that possession and transfers of NFTs are stored on the blockchain and are readily verified and verified.

NFTs can be purchased and sold on different marketplaces, including OpenSea and Rarible, and using cryptocurrency. It is possible to trace the ownership and use of NFT stored on the blockchain, and the owner can trade an NFT onto another Ethereum address with a single transaction.

ERC-721 and CryptoKitties

ERC-721 is a token that is a non-fungible standard, which was first introduced in the year 2017. It was designed to create unique, non-transferable passes and is widely utilized to create virtual objects in games and collectibles.

The most popular application of ERC-721 can be CryptoKitties, a game that lets players make and sell virtual pets through NFTs. The growing popularity of CryptoKitties resulted in a surge of traffic in the Ethereum network because of the massive volume of processed transactions.


ERC-1155 is a brand-new token standard that was first introduced in the year 2018. It was designed to create both non-fungible and fungible tokens. It lets developers create multiple passes inside one smart contract.

It is more reliable than many other tokens because it permits batch transfers and reduces the gas needed to conduct transactions. This makes it more appropriate for applications requiring massive tokens, for example, games and collectors.

Introducing ERC-777

What is ERC-777?

ERC-777 is a redesigned version of ERC-20 that was launched in 2018. It has additional features, including the possibility of sending and receiving tokens in one transaction, which makes the process more reliable than ERC-20.

ERC-777 is also equipped with more secure features, like security against sending tokens to contracts not intended to accept the tickets. This means it is less susceptible to security flaws and errors than ERC-20.

Introducing ERC-777

Advantages of ERC-777

One of the significant advantages of ERC-777 is its efficiency. It allows the exchange and receipt of tokens in one transaction, lowering the fuel required and making it more cost-effective for those who use it.

ERC-777 also has security enhancements that reduce the risk of security weaknesses and errors over the other standard tokens.

What is the difference between ERC-777 and ERC-20?

ERC-777 is a step up from ERC-20 in many ways. One of the significant distinctions is that it allows both receiving and sending tokens in one transaction, which is better than ERC-20.

ERC-777 is also equipped with more secure features, including security against sending tokens to contracts not intended to accept the tickets. This makes it less vulnerable to security weaknesses and errors, as ERC-20.

Smart Contracts and Tokenization

Introduction to Smart Contracts

A self-executing contract automatically enforces clauses of an agreement when certain conditions are fulfilled. They’re executed on the blockchain, making them secure and transparent.

Smart contracts are a vital element in the Ethereum ecosystem as they facilitate the developing and implementing decentralized apps that run on the blockchain. They can automate a variety of procedures, including financial transactions, as well as a voting system.

As smart contracts continue to revolutionize the Ethereum ecosystem, the potential for innovative investment opportunities is becoming more apparent. Platforms like Crypto Profit and Crypto Revolt allow investors to take advantage of the benefits of decentralized finance by investing in Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. With the power of smart contracts, investors can participate in secure and automated financial transactions, providing an exciting new frontier in investing.

Tokenization on the Ethereum Network

It is the method of changing a real-world asset into a digital currency that can be traded on the blockchain. This allows the creation of digital versions of assets like gold, property, or stocks.

Tokenization is enabled by intelligent contracts, which automate the enforcement of the conditions of the Token and oversee the transfer of ownership and transfers to the blockchain.

Tokenization can bring many benefits, including greater liquidity, transparency, and security. It also allows for the fractional ownership of assets, allowing more significant numbers of people to invest in the most valuable assets.

How Tokenization Works

Tokenization is achieved by creating an intelligent contract that is the representation of the asset that is being tokenized. The smart contract specifies the rules and conditions of the Token, such as its ownership, supply, and transferability.

After the smart contract, traders or investors can create and give tokens. The tickets are then traded on blockchains, and ownership is transferred.

Token Creation and Transfer

Transfer of tokens and Token creation is managed by smart contracts that are part of the Ethereum network. When a new ticket is created, the intelligent agreement sets out the rules and terms for the particular Token.

After the smart contract is made, tokens can be issued and given to traders or investors. The ownership of the Token is stored on the blockchain, and it is easily transferred through a simple transfer.

Hybrid Smart Contracts and Tokenized Vaults

Hybrid Smart Contracts

Hybrid smart contracts integrate the benefits of several standard tokens, for example, creating tickets that are non-fungible using ERC-721 or expanding their functionality using ERC-777.

Hybrid intelligent contracts may also integrate the capabilities of smart contracts along with off-chain solutions, like oracles, to provide additional services and features to customers.

Benefits of Hybrid Smart Contracts

Hybrid intelligent contracts offer a variety of advantages, including improved effectiveness, efficiency, and flexibility. They enable developers to design custom solutions tailored to specific customers’ needs while benefiting from the edges of various token standardizations.

Tokenized Vaults

Tokenized vaults are a form of the smart contract. It permits an asset’s tokenization stored offline, for example, real estate or gold. Tokenized vaults enable the creation of digital tokens representing the ownership of real help without the physical delivery requirement.

Tokenized vaults are managed using smart contracts, guaranteeing that the lockers are protected by the physical asset used to fund them. This improves security and transparency for investors. It also allows fractional ownership of assets with high value.

Benefits of Tokenized Vaults

Tokenized vaults offer many advantages, such as improved liquidity, transparency, and security. They also permit the fractional ownership of high-value assets, creating an opportunity for more investors to put money into these assets.

Ethereum Address and Token Standards

Ethereum Addresses

The Ethereum account is an identifier unique to each user, which is used to transfer and receive tokens and cryptocurrency via the Ethereum network. The address is 42 characters composed of numerals and letters beginning with a “0x”.

Ethereum addresses are generated with public-key cryptography. This means that only the person who owns the address has access to and controls the assets that are associated with the address.

The Relationship Between Ethereum Addresses and Token Standards

Ethereum addresses can be used to transfer and receive tokens through Ethereum. Ethereum network. Each lesson can hold several tickets that could be moved to different addresses with a simple transaction.

Token standards specify the required roles and parameters for generating and managing the tokens on the Ethereum network. This ensures that all tickets on the web are interoperable and can be quickly exchanged.

How to Create an Ethereum Address

Ethereum accounts can be made using a cryptocurrency wallet like MyEtherWallet and MetaMask. The wallets create an individual private and public key pair, which can be used to control and access the assets associated with the address.

To set up the Ethereum address, the user must download a digital wallet for cryptocurrency and adhere to the steps to create a new account. After the talk, it is possible to send and receive tokens, cryptocurrency, and other tokens through Ethereum. Ethereum network.

Ethereum Address and Token Standards

Divisible Tokens and Total Supply

Divisible Tokens

Divisible tokens can be split into smaller portions, allowing greater flexibility in trading. This is beneficial when assets are highly valued because it will enable small investors to be part of trading and own the asset.

Various tokens can be managed with token standards like ERC-20 or ERC-777. Both provide the necessary functions to control the circulation and distribution of tickets.

How Divisible Tokens Work

Divisible tokens can be managed with smart contracts available on the Ethereum network. The intelligent contract determines both the quantity and division of the Token and the rules of the transfer of ownership and transfers.

After the smart contract has been established, tokens are issued and given to traders or investors. The ownership of the tickets is registered on the blockchain and is transferable by a simple transaction.

Total Supply

The total supply represents the total amount of tokens that could be produced for a particular token standard. It is specified within the smart contract that governs the Token and cannot be changed after use.

The total supply is a crucial factor for traders and investors since it could affect a token’s value. Tickets with a lower entire collection are usually considered more desirable because they are less common and in high demand.

Understanding Total Supply

Total supply is a crucial factor to consider when investing in or trading using the Ethereum network. It is essential to know how much supply is available for a cryptocurrency and the current circulation and supply to make educated choices about purchasing and selling.


Standards for tokens have played a crucial part in the expansion and growth of the Blockchain industry. They are a common platform for managing and creating digital assets over the decentralized network. This allows for an array of applications and uses.

ERC-20, ERC-721, and ERC-777 are among the most widely used Token standards available on the Ethereum network. Each has its distinct approach to various use cases.

Smart contracts are a crucial element in the Ethereum ecosystem, which allows the development and execution of decentralized apps on the blockchain.

The process involves turning existing assets into digital tokens that can be traded on the blockchain. Tokenized assets offer many advantages, including greater liquidity, transparency, and security.

We will soon witness steady growth and innovation in Token standards as entrepreneurs and developers look into new applications and use blockchain technology.


What is Ethereum Tokenization?

Ethereum tokenization is the procedure that converts tangible assets to digital tokens, which can then be traded through Ethereum. Ethereum network.

How Do Ethereum Tokens Work?

Ethereum tokens are controlled by smart contracts that are part of the Ethereum network. The intelligent contract specifies the rules and conditions that govern the Token, such as its ownership, supply, and transferability.

What Are the Advantages of Tokenization on the Ethereum Network?

The tokenization process via the Ethereum network offers many benefits, such as more liquidity, transparency, and security. It also allows for the fractional ownership and management of assets, making it possible for investors to access the most valuable assets.

What is the Difference Between ERC-20 and ERC-721?

ERC-20 is a standard for tokens to create fungible tokens, while ERC-721 is a standard to develop non-fungible tickets. ERC-721 is a particular favorite due to its application as a game CryptoKitties.

What is the Future of Ethereum Token Standards?

Future developments for Ethereum Token standards will likely continue to be a source of growth and innovation as entrepreneurs and developers look at new uses and potential applications of blockchain technology. It is possible to expect new standards for tokens and enhancements to existing standards, allowing new functionality and use cases.

  • Florian Feidenfelder

    Florian Feidenfelder is a seasoned cryptocurrency trader and technical analyst with over 10 years of hands-on experience analyzing and investing in digital asset markets. After obtaining his bachelor's degree in Finance from the London School of Economics, he worked for major investment banks like JP Morgan, helping build trading systems and risk models for blockchain assets.

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